Annual Professional Performance Review (APPR)

teacher evaluation

Annual Professional Performance Review (APPR)

In 2000, in collaboration with educators, administrators and other educational partners, the Board of Regents developed and approved Section 100.2(o) of the Regulations of the Commissioner of Education, governing the Annual Professional Performance Review (APPR) of teachers. The regulation required school districts/BOCES to conduct annual evaluations of probationary and tenured teachers providing instructional services or pupil personnel services.

In 2010, legislation was enacted (Chapter 103 of the Laws of 2010), adding Section 3012-c of Education Law, prescribing changes to the annual performance evaluation of all teachers. The requirement does not apply to teaching assistants, teacher aides or pupil personnel titles.

Under the law, school districts and BOCES are required to conduct an Annual Professional Performance Review (APPR) on each teacher and principal, resulting in a single composite effectiveness score and a rating of "highly effective," "effective," "developing," or "ineffective."

The composite scores will be determined as follows:

  • 20 points: Student growth on state assessments or a comparable measure of student growth using a Student Learning Objectives (SLOs) process for teachers in nontested subjects increased to 25 points for teachers with an approved a value-added growth model (VAM).
  • n 20 points: Other locally selected measures of student growth or achievement. Decreased to 15 percent for teachers with an approved VAM; and
  • n 60 points: Other multiple measures of teacher/principal effectiveness.
Requirements for APPR plans:
  • Upon completion of collective bargaining negotiations, the governing body of each school district/BOCES is required to adopt an annual or multi-year plan. The plan will be submitted on a prescribed form to the Commissioner of Education for approval. If a plan is rejected, the Commissioner must inform the school district/BOCES the reasons for rejection and that each deficiency must be resolved through collective bargaining to the extent required under ARticle 14 of Civil Service Law.
  • The approved plan must be made available to the public on the district/BOCES website no later than Sept. 10 of each school year, or within 10 days of approval by the Commissioner.
  • In 2012-13, the Governor’s executive budget linked an increase in state aid to districts to having an approved plan in place by Jan. 17, 2013. The governor had proposed a Sept. 1 date for 2013-14. Due to objections raised by NYSUT and other stakeholders, approved plans will now remain in place until a successor agreement is approved. Amended plans may be submitted at any time.
  • The entire APPR must be completed and provided to the teacher or principal as soon as practicable but no later than Sept. 1 of the following school year for which the teacher (principal) is being evaluated. School districts/BOCES must notify teachers (principals) in writing of their rating and score on the locally selected (if available) and other measures of teacher and principal effectiveness subcomponents, no later than the last day of the school year for which they are being evaluated.

The APPR must also include:

  • Teacher Improvement Plans (TIP) for developing and ineffective teachers;
  • Training for evaluators;
  • Appeals process for evaluations; and
  • Expedited discipline process when teacher receives two consecutive annual ineffective ratings.

Be sure to check the NYSUT website,, for important information and updates on APPR.