Why mind your P’s and Q’s?
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Research shows that children who attend high quality preschool programs perform better in school.
Have stronger ELA and math skills
Enter Kindergarten with a understanding of the classroom environment
Have more developed social skills
Benefit from increased access to Early Intervention Services
Children who attend high quality programs perform better in life and are
More likely to graduate from high school
More likely to be gainfully employed
Less likely to be incarcerated
High quality preschool programs can include…
Day Care Centers
Family Day Care Centers
Group Family Day Care Homes
Head Start Centers
Small Day Care Centers
Federal, state and local agencies are working to ensure quality education in all of these programs.
A quality preschool program includes…
research-based developmentally appropriate curriculum
on-going assessments of a child’s learning
active, engaged, meaningful learning
a balance of child-directed play and structured activities
opportunities to build healthy relationships and classroom community
organized child-friendly environment
safe and healthy physical environment
consistent daily routines
celebration of diversity
health screenings-vision and hearing
educational screenings for early intervention
Brain research affirms
that quality preschool experiences
directly impact the success of
children throughout their school
years and beyond.
These are some other features of a quality preschool program.
attention to nutritional needs
family involvement and collaboration
communication of child’s progress to the family
teaching staff with educational qualifications
on-going professional staff development
low teacher to student ratio
Adapted from: http://www.kidsource.com/kidsource/content3/identify.preschool.5.html
What are quality preschool learning standards?
New York State’s Prekindergarten (PreK) Learning Standards are organized into five specific developmental domains:
Approaches to Learning:
How children become involved in learning
and acquiring knowledge.
Physical Development and Health:
Children’s physical health and their ability
to engage in daily physical activities.
Social and Emotional Development:
Children’s competence and ability to regulate
their emotions, behavior and attention, and to
form positive relationships with peers
Communication, Language and Literacy:
Children’s ability to understand, create and
Cognition and Knowledge of the World:
What children need to know and understand
about their world and how they apply what
Excerpted from: www.p12.nysed.gov/.../common_core_standards/pdfdocs/prekindergarten_learning_standards_jan_10_2011.pdf - 2011-01-10
Crisis in the Kindergarten — Why Children Need to Play in School
National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC)
Developmentally Appropriate Practice in Early Childhood Programs
The Albert Shanker Institute Preschool Curriculum
What’s In It for Children and Teachers
The State Education Department
Preschool Planning Guide: Building A Foundation for Development of Language and Literacy in the Early Years.
The US Department of Education
Building Strong Foundation for Early Learning: Guide to High-Quality Early Childhood Education Programs.
This document was developed by members of the
NYSUT Statewide Early Childhood Committee.
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