Annual Professional Performance Review (APPR)

member guideIn 2010, legislation was enacted (Chapter 103 of the Laws of 2010), prescribing changes to the annual performance evaluation of all teachers and principals. The requirement does not apply to teaching assistants, teacher aides or pupil personnel titles.

Under the law, school districts and BOCES are required to conduct an Annual Professional Performance Review (APPR) for each teacher and principal, resulting in a rating of “highly effective,” “effective,” “developing,” or “ineffective.”

The 2015-16 state budget included provisions that substantially altered the APPR system, including greater reliance on state standardized tests. NYSUT went to court to challenge the State Education Commissioner’s regulations and advocated strongly for legislative changes. In Fall 2015, increased resistance to the poor implementation and improper use of state assessments associated with the Common Core Learning Standards led Gov. Cuomo to create a task force charged with making recommendations for the state’s standards, curriculum and assessments. NYSUT successfully pushed hard for the task force to recommend decoupling the consequences of state assessments from APPR until a new system could be phased in.

In December 2015, the Board of Regents voted to implement a four-year moratorium on the consequences of using the state’s grades 3-8 ELA and math assessment in APPR, while the State Education Department works on revising the standards and transitioning to a new vendor for the state assessments. The Regents recognize they must do this work first to restore confidence in the state assessments and will then consider changes to the teacher and principal evaluation system. During this transition period, school districts and local bargaining units negotiated transitional APPR plans. Ratings are now determined using a new matrix that includes teacher observation and other measures of student performance to show student growth. Teacher’s growth measures, derived from the grade 3-8 ELA and math assessments, will continue to be calculated but are provided for informational purposes only.

NYSUT continues to oppose the use of state assessment in APPR, to advocate for a fair appropriate evaluation system that fosters professional development, removes the punitive aspects of 3012-d and returns local control.


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