What is wage equity?
Wage equity is ending gender and racial bias in wage setting. According to a recent congressional report, a full-time female worker annually earns $10,800 less than her male counterpart, based on median annual earnings. That discrepancy can add up to nearly half a million dollars in lost wages over a career. The next Equal Pay Day is Tuesday, April 4, 2017 — the date that symbolizes how far into the year women must work to earn what men earned in the previous year.
Problems multiply in retirement. Lower career earnings result in a median retirement income of $17,400 for women aged 65 and older — 44 percent less than the $31,200 earned by men in the same age group. The result? Women aged 75 years and older are almost twice as likely to live in poverty.
Equity, in its most basic sense, is a state of “fairness”, or the access to the same opportunities. Equality is providing everyone with the same things, and this will only work if everyone starts at the same place. We must first ensure equity before we can begin to enjoy any semblance of equality.
Why is there a wage gap?
According to the National Committee on Pay Equity, having higher numbers of women and people of color in an occupation lowers overall pay — for example, clerical, service workers and nurses. While some wage gaps do stem from differences in education or experience, a significant portion can’t be explained away by those factors.
April 4, 2017 marks “Equal Pay Day,” symbolizing how far into the New Year the average American woman must work to earn a wage equal to that earned the previous year by the average American man.
How does wage equity combat poverty?
Wage equity helps workers become self-sufficient and reduces their reliance on government assistance programs. According to congressional findings, nearly 40 percent of poor working women could leave welfare programs if they received wage equity pay increases. When wages for women and people of color increase, so does their purchasing power, which strengthens the economy.
Who needs wage equity?
Since wage discrimination impacts every facet of our society, we all need wage equity. For unions, in particular, the issue is even more important because it addresses the core value of any union – fair treatment for everyone. NYSUT urges its members to encourage unity and fairness. Some NYSUT members remain held back by unequal wages, and it is the duty of their fellow members to promote equity for all.
How can I help?
Two laws protect workers against wage discrimination. The Equal Pay Act of 1963, which prohibits unequal pay for equal or “substantially equal” work performed by men and women, and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits wage discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, religion or national origin.
However, wage discrimination laws are poorly enforced and difficult to win. Stronger legislation is needed. Urge your congressional representatives to support these bills:
- The Paycheck Fairness Act (S.862, H.R.1619) — sponsored by Sen. Barbara Milkuski (D-MD) and Representative Rosa DeLauro (D-CT), seeks to strengthen and update the Equal Pay Act of 1963.
- The Fair Pay Act — sponsored by Sen. Tom Harkin (D-IA) and Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC), seeks to end wage discrimination in female- and minority-dominated jobs.
- Tweet your congressional representatives and ask them to support fair pay, http://wetweet.org/fair-pay.html.
- Support Fight for 15, an international movement calling for a $15 minimum wage, http://fightfor15.org, #FightForFifteen
- Host the Cookie Bag Project, modeled after the Santa Clara County Coalition for Equal Pay. Members of this coalition distributed cookies with a piece cut out of it to students at local high schools and college campuses with information about the women’s wage gap. http://www.equalpay.info/equalpayday.html
- Paycheck Fairness Act Fact Sheet — http://www.pay-equity.org/PDFs/PFA-FactSheet-2012.pdf
- Legislative Remedies to the Wage Gap — http://www.pay-equity.org/PDFs/PayEquityFactSheet_May2008.pdf
- National Committee on Pay Equity, Equal Pay Day Kit, www.pay-equity.org
Mark Your Calendar:
- Women’s Equality Day, August 26th
- Equal Pay Day, Tuesday April 4, 2017 - Equal Pay Day symbolizes how far into the year women must work to earn what men earned in the previous year.
“Wage Theft in America: Why Millions of Working Americans Are Not Getting Paid—And What We Can Do About it” By Kim Bobo
Employing the accuracy of data and the emotion of personal accounts, this book examines the scope of wage theft in America -- and what activists, unions, policymakers, and other stakeholders are doing to stop the crisis.
“The Fight for Fifteen: The Right Wage for a Working America” By David Rolf
Combining history, economics, and commonsense political wisdom, The Fight for Fifteen makes a deeply informed case for a national $15/hour minimum wage as the only practical solution to reversing America’s decades-long slide toward becoming a low-wage nation.
“The New Prophets of Capital” By Nicole Aschoff
A skillful and scathing takedown of the new prophets of profit, from Bill Gates to Oprah Winfrey.
Brave New Films: Inequality Shorts: http://www.bravenewfilms.org/inequality_shorts
A site featuring short films that focus on the financial inequalities facing US citizens.
Lesson plan resources:
New York Times Blog Lesson: Economic Inequality in America: Developing a New War on Poverty:
This interactive lesson asks students to answer the questions: How big of an issue is poverty in America today, and what are the most effective ways to address it? Is America still the great land of opportunity—where if you work hard and play by the rules, you can make it?
Lesson Plan: Got Equal Pay?
Lesson Plan: Wealth Inequality in America
This TeachableMoment Classroom Lesson by the Morningside Center for Teaching Social Responsibility for high school students uses a 6-minute video about inequality that has gone viral on the internet to help students explore what they think about U.S. wealth distribution currently is, what they think it should be, what it actually is, and what they might do about it.
Simulation: Monster Musical Chairs
This elementary school lesson which can be modified for older students helps teach students about economic wants and goods and why they can’t have everything they want.
Simulation: Ten Chairs of Global Inequality
This interactive simulation can be used to dramatize the increasingly unequal distribution of wealth in the United States; it has been modified to be used with younger students.
Gender Pay Inequality, Consequences for Women, Families and the Economy, published by the U.S. Congressional Joint Economic Committee
National Committee on Pay Equity